Practical life

Montessori instruction is divided into 3-year periods.
The first two years set the foundation and prepare the child to be leaders during the third year.
Montessori teaching is divided into 5 basic areas:
  • Practical Life
  • Sensorial
  • Language
  • Math
  • Cultural.
·      Practical life includes Care of self, Care of Others, Care of Environment and Lessons in Grace and Courtesy. 
The main purpose of Practical Life works is to build ‘ICCO’ in the child; Independence, Concentration, Coordination (Eye – Hand), and Order. 
·  In a nutshell, practical life activities are “practical” activities that help a child learn how to do “day-to-day” activities in a productive manner with inner aim of learning a life skill.
These are the most fundamental activities in a  Montessori primary classroom and should be given due importance before moving to other areas.
Some examples of “Exercises of Practical life” are as follows:
Dry pouring
Bead Stringing
Lock and Key
Screwdriver work
Nut and Bolt work
Clothespin work
Loom work with rubber bands
Latching frame:
Cinnamon grating
Toothpick work
Mortar and pestle – “cloves”
Finger transfer
Tweezer work
Popping Bubble wrap – Strengthens finger muscles – lot of fun

The Exercises of Practical life are formative activities , a work of adaptation to the environment. Such adaptation to the environment and efficient functioning therein is the very essence of a useful education – Maria  Montessori


Published by

Geetha Nagarajan

My name is Geetha. I was introduced to Montessori as a parent and then choose it to be my career. I have over 13 years of experience in a Montessori primary classroom. I have a Masters Degree in Plant Sciences from India and a Masters in Educational Leadership from UNT (Denton, TX) and my Montessori Early childhood certification from American Montessori Society (AMS).

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